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Stop the totalitarian drifts of the new Libyan regime

Date : 2013-09-02 13:16:00

The High Council of the Amazighs of Libya

The General Libyan National Congress (Parliament) decided to create a "Constituent Assembly" composed of 60 members, who will be responsible for drafting a permanent constitution for the country. At the moment of adoption of this decision, the High Council of the Amazighs of Libya and the parliamentary members of the Libyan National General Congress (CGN), made two claims: the first concerns the equitable representation of indigenous people enjoying cultural and linguistic specificities (Amazighs and Toubous) and the requirement that all decisions regarding these populations must benefit from their prior consent. The second is the official recognition of the socio-cultural and linguistic identity of the Amazigh and Toubou people, for which is requested the adoption by consensus and not by way of majority vote. These conditions were accepted and adopted as the working principles of the CGN (Ordinance No. 30-2013 on the development of the electoral law on the constitutional referendum).

But surprisingly, the draft law on the creation and implementation of the Constituent Assembly that provides linguistic and cultural "minorities" (Amazighs and Toubous) will be represented by six members, signifying a 10% of the total membership and that all decisions of this body will be taken by majority vote.

The Amazigh occupy the areas that are west of Tripoli until the border with Tunisia and the southwest (Fezzan, traditional Tuareg territory), while the Toubou live in the extreme southeast. These "minorities" wich are in reality the indigenous peoples of Libya, represent more than 20% of the total population.

As a result, the Libyan Amazighs and Toubous are largely under-represented in the Constituent Assembly.

Libyan Amazighs particularly, demands for a long time the official recognition of their language and culture. Because of this claiming, they underwent during more than 40 years that lasted the regime of Kadhafi, a severe repression wich made them the ban speak of their language, the prison, the torture, the exile and the death. It is thus, naturally and spontaneously that they took part in the revolution wich precipitated the fall of the former regime and liberated the country. Now, they wish simply that the new State recognizes their history and sociocultural specificity with a constitutional and lesgislative guarantees. They also want that the historical name of "Libya" be not changed and that the Libyan flag contains a symbol of the cultural plurality of the country.

But after the first few months of commitments for a new free Libya, democratic and pluralistic, debates and decisions made today by a Parliament in Muslim- conservative majority, leave no place for the rights for the Amazighs and Toubous as indigenous peoples of this country. And providing that the Constituent Assembly will decide by majority vote on all matters, the new power programs in this manner the "legal" exclusion of the Amazigh and Toubou issues. This is both contrary to the commitments assumed, contrary to the principles of international law concerning the rights of peoples and of course unacceptable by the Amazigh and Toubou peoples.

Also, after extensive efforts to persuade the Libyan Parliament to return to a position that respects the principles of equality, democracy, cultural and political plurality, the High Council of the Amazighs of Libya, as the representative body of the Amazighs in the country, decided on 10th of July to withdraw their representatives at the National General Congress, calling for a boycott of the election of the Constituent Assembly, to proceed with the closure of State buildings located in the Amazigh regions, border crossings land, oil and gas fields, etc? Demonstrations are organized in all the Amazigh regions and a national large-scale demonstration is planned the next days in front of the Libyan Parliament in Tripoli. The High Council of the Amazighs of Libya has been confirmed in his position by the support displayed by all it's components, including combat units, and all Amazighs regions of Libya. These measures began to be implemented from July 23 but with no reaction to the moment from Libyan authorities.

The Congr?s Mondial Amazigh (CMA) is following with great concern the developments of the situation marked by the rise of political tension in the country. The risk of political and social explosion is palpable. The international community has played a decisive role in the collapse of the former dictatorship has no right to let Libya move towards a new totalitarian system that would seriously threaten the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals, communities and the people of this country. The CMA particularly calls on the UN, the EU, the AU and to the freedom and justice-loving peoples to take responsibility and act without delay and by all means to protect the indigenous peoples of Libya in order that the new State adopts and effectively apply the international law and democratic principles.

Tripoli, 18/07/2963 - 30/07/2013
The Board of the CMA


Congr?s Mondial Amazigh ? Organisation Internationale Non Gouvernementale
JO R?p. Fr. du 18/10/96 ? Siret 402 775 720 00012

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