From Press
 Public Opinions
 NewsRound up
 Smiling news
 Contact us


THE BERBER - Amazigh in Algeria, Amazigh in Morocco, Ceuta and Melilla

Date : 2008-07-20 00:29:00


The Berber or Amazigh people live in northern Africa throughout the Mediterranian coast, the Sahara and Sahel. Before the arrival of Arabs, this was a Berber world. The Amazigh territory, this broad homeland, is also referred as Tamazgha. Nowadays, there are important communities in Mali, Niger and Lybia, and smaller groups in Tunis, Mauritania, Burkina-Faso and Egypt. The Tuareg or Imajaghen of the desert are one branch of the Amazigh. There may be around 20 million speakers of Tamazight or Berber, a broad group of dialects or languages, that can be considered in an unitary way. But no country does recognize this indigenous language. Islamic states north of the Sahara are considered Arab and only Arab. This idea is extended among many Amazigh as well, who consider themselves to be Arabs", although ethnic consciousness is also high among many.

Amazigh in Algeria:

Amazigh population is around 20 - 25 % of the total (around 6 - 7 million). Kabylians are the most important group, west of Argel, in the northern part of the country (Kabyle). There are also Shawi (from 500 000 to 1 million) in the Aures mountains and Mozabites (100 000) in Mzab, and other smaller groups, including some 20 000 Tuareg in Ahaggar and Ajjer regions. In Algeria Islam equals Arabity and any other suggestion is against the unity of the nation". Curiously, in the present civil war this idea is shared by both the secular government and the radical islamic armed opposition.

Amazigh in Morocco:

Morocco can be considered a truly Amazigh country, as around 40 or 60 % of the population are Amazighs (12 or 18 million people). There are three main groups: Tarifit speaking people in the northern Rif coastal region, Tamazight proper in the Medium Atlas and part of High Atlas, and in the south and southeast (High Atlas, Antiatlas, Souss), Shelha or Chleuh.

Ceuta and Melilla:

Ceuta and Melilla are two Spanish colonies on the northern coast of Morocco. Both cities are mainly inhabited by Spanish colonisers, but the muslim native Berbers are still numerous, mainly in Melilla. These are Berbers of the Rif, that speak Tarifit and also use Arab as a language of culture and religion.

source :

Follow us on Facebook

Share on Facebook
Invite someone to read this article
Article read 191736 times
Subscribe to our Newsletter

your email here:


Readers comments : NB: Please note that the comments represent the views of their authors and that AmazighWorld don't endore them

Ceuta and Melilla  
Ceuta and Melilla have been part of spain since the kingdom exist. Our ancestors
Conquered it before the therm \"colonialism\" existed and before
Morroco was a country. They should be called cities and no colonies
Par: Ignacio quintana

viiiiive amaziire  
Par: bobakr

Ceuta / Melilla  
Mieux vaut etre colonise par l\'Espagne et avoir le droit a sa culture et son langage Tamazight , que d\'etre sous la dictature Arabe qui sont en voix d\'effacer de l\'histoire tout ce qui est Amazigh . Les Amazighs de ces deux villes veulent t\'ils etre liberes de l\'Espagne que pour finir sous le regime Arabe qui n\'hesite pas a les jeter en prison comme ceux de Meknesse . Les Amazighs de ces deux villes ont\'ils etaient interdit d\'ecrire ou parler leur langue par l\'Espagne?  
Par: Mohamadi

Your comment here :




PLO ambassador says Palestinian state should be free of Jews
After 44 years of Palestinian-Israeli conflict, "it would be in the best interest of the two people to be separated," PLO Ambassador Maen Areikat says. The Palestine Liberation Organization's ambassador to the United States said Tuesday that any future Palestinian state it seeks with help from the United Nations and the United States should be free of Jews. After 44 years of Palestinian-Israeli conflict, "it would be in the best interest of the two people to be separated," PLO Ambassador Maen Areikat says.... Full story - - Auteur: Darr Beiser - Date : 2011-09-14 19:21:00


"Indigenous designs: celebrating stories and cultures, crafting their own future"
The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People (9 August) was first proclaimed by the General Assembly in December 1994, to be celebrated every year during the first International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1995 – 2004). In 2004, the Assembly proclaimed a Second International Decade, from 2005 – 2015, with the theme of “A Decade for Action and Dignity.”... Full story - - Auteur: UN - Date : 2011-08-12 11:40:00


The Libyan foreign security agency accused Mossad and Morocco of attempting to break Algeria, Libya and Tunisia
This article is published by Algeria newspaper Ennahar on 12 January 2011 that the Libyan official accused Morocco and Israel of attempting to break Algeria, Tunisia and Libya by Amazigh Mouvement. ... Full story - - Auteur: Ennahar - Date : 2011-01-12 10:37:00


André Azoulay : the first time in his history he declared his real identity as Arab Jew and not north African Jew as he used to say in offical meetings before
We republished this interview done by André Azoulay (Moroccan king advisor) with Qantara (Dialogue with Islamic World electronic newspaper) because it is very important in the case of the official position of André Azoulay about his identity as North African Jew. North Africa, the only place in the world that we can say there the less  anti-Semitism and the only place in Islamic World that Amazighs stand to protect Jews  till nowadays (the case of Morocco in 2010 where Amazighs demonstrate in the street to protect Jew in Essaouira). In nowadays, when North Africa, which is part of Arab world (or Empire world, it depend on your point of view), are exposed before any time ago to Amazigh Identity movement protestation, Azoulay who knows that himself is Amazigh Jew or Jew Amazigh (big difference about them in the eyes of jews) (his name is Amazigh : Azoulay means in Amazigh language the one with the blue eyes) he declared himself as Arab Jew and not as Jew Arab. This is very interesting position. He says in his interview ….."First of all, I would like to point out that I was elected president of the Anna Lindh Foundation as the candidate of the Arab League. It was the first time in the history of the Arab League that an Arab Jew was selected to represent the league in an international institution. This selection was an act of huge symbolism, as was my nomination as advisor to my king. Every Arab state is at liberty to act in a similar manner..." ... Full story - - Auteur: Rim Najmi - Date : 2010-10-29 01:17:00


Headquarters : Amazigh World, North America, North Africa

Copyright 2002  Amazigh World. All rights reserved.